Literacy skills emerge during the preschool years, when children become more attentive with books, help turn pages, and begin to name pictures. Phonological awareness skills are developing, that is, the awareness that words can be broken down into component parts (e.g. rhyming, clapping syllables). Phonological awareness abilities have been shown to be a strong predictor of reading, writing, and spelling skills. Preschoolers who demonstrate weak listening, story telling, and rhyming skills indicates the need for assessment.